By James A. Mulholland
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Additional info for A History of Metals in Colonial America
From the colony, the search for Norumbega could proceed without haste. An elaborate and exclusive agreement for trade to and from the colony was arranged with a company of merchant adventurers representing the town of Southampton. His backers included a broad spectrum of English society ranging from merchants and yeomen of Southampton, to Sir Thomas Bromley, lord chancellor, and the earl of Sussex, high chamberlain of England. In June 1583, the company, numbering about 260 men and including "shipwrights, masons, smiths, mineral men and refiners," set sail in five ships for America.
One William Faldoe, for example, claimed to have found a silver mine not far from the Jamestown settlement, and his story created a stir when related in England. Again, help was dispatched to exploit the find, but poor Faldoe died before he could point out the site. 12 Smith's efforts to encourage agriculture were unproductive. No commercial commodities not already available at a far lower price in England or from nearby Europe issued from the colony, relations with the natives were very poor, and, still totally ignorant as they were of the vast stretch of land between Virginia and the Western Ocean, the sea route to India had not been found.
Of note in the latter category is an entry listing items to be sent in the future that includes pewter bottles, brass ladles, and copper bottles "of ye f[renlch making," the latter being a reminder that copper still was a metal sorely deficient in English stores. 38 But the colonists were aware that tools and utensils could be obtained only from England. Whenever possible, they were urged to take such things with them when they sailed. The Reverend Francis Higginson,first minister of the Church of Salem, wrote home shortly after arriving in Massachusetts in 1629 that all manner of livestock were needed and that people coming to the colony should bring with them cloth, leather, tools, iron, steel, nails, furniture, glass, and anything else that might easily be obtained in England but likely would not be available in Massachusetts.
A History of Metals in Colonial America by James A. Mulholland