By Lawrence C. Becker
What may stoic ethics be like at the present time if stoicism had survived as a scientific method of moral conception, if it had coped effectively with the demanding situations of contemporary philosophy and experimental technology? a brand new Stoicism proposes a solution to that query, provided from in the stoic culture yet with no the metaphysical and mental assumptions that smooth philosophy and technological know-how have deserted. Lawrence Becker argues secular model of the stoic moral undertaking, in response to modern cosmology and developmental psychology, offers the foundation for a complicated type of moral naturalism, during which almost the entire challenging doctrines of the traditional Stoics should be basically restated and defended.
Becker argues, in line with the ancients, that advantage is something, now not many; that it, and never happiness, is the correct finish of all job; that it on my own is nice, all different issues being only rank-ordered relative to one another for the sake of the great; and that advantage is adequate for happiness. furthermore, he rejects the preferred comic strip of the stoic as a grave determine, emotionally indifferent and able in general of persistence, resignation, and dealing with discomfort. on the contrary, he holds that whereas stoic sages may be able to suffer the extremes of human discomfort, they don't have to sacrifice pleasure to have that skill, and he seeks to show our awareness from the widespread, healing a part of stoic ethical education to a reconsideration of its theoretical foundations.
"From the start to the top of this compact yet lucid e-book, Becker skillfully brings to existence either the arguments and the intuitive allure of stoicism.... In its necessities [the new stoicism] is recognizable, with its relatively astringent rational attraction greater by means of Becker's concentrated and self-disciplined argumentation. Zeno, i think, will be pleased."
-Brad Inwood, Apeiron
"A stimulating dialogue of ethics that's freed from the jejune or overly technical attitudes attribute of a lot present writing at the subject."
-Joseph Shea, n.b.: new from The Reader's Catalog
About the Author
Lawrence C. Becker is William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor within the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy on the collage of William and Mary. he's the writer of a number of books, together with Reciprocity and estate Rights: Philosophic Foundations. he's the coeditor, with Charlotte B. Becker, of the Encyclopedia of Ethics.
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Extra info for A New Stoicism
We are not committed to the position that pleasurable affects, friendship, and so on are merely instrumental or “extrinsic” goods. We thus dispute Nussbaum (The Therapy of Desire, chap. 10, pp. 134–35) on this point. Good lives. It is useful to divide conceptions of the good life into plural and unitary ones. A plural conception holds (a) that the goods realizable in a human life are genuinely diverse—that is, not reducible to a single species; (b) that genuinely diverse combinations of goods are sufﬁcient to make a life a good one, and thus that good lives differ in kind as well as degree; and (c) that any theoretical cover to be found for the diverse array of good lives will be purely formal, or schematic, or perhaps merely heuristic.
The argument for that doctrine and its corollaries will occupy us throughout Part Two. It is important here, however, to quash the thought that the good life we have in mind is in some disappointing way uniform; that it is, for example, always going to turn out to be a contemplative life suspiciously like a philosopher’s. Not so. The stoics of antiquity were as diverse as plebeians and aristocrats, rhetoricians and physicians, career soldiers and career poets, apolitical logicians and political advisers, slaves and emperors.
Normative propositions are assertions about norms—attempts to represent facts about norms in assertoric propositions about them. Such assertions can be true or false. Indeed, in our logic they must be either true or false, and cannot be both. There is no middle ground of indeterminacy (or “higher” ground of both-truth-and-falsity) about the truth value of a given representation of a norm. We thus can make use of the resources of standard, bivalent, truth-functional logic. Types of normative propositions.
A New Stoicism by Lawrence C. Becker