By A.S. Brown, H.W. Catling
Published for the viewers and bought on the Ashmolean Museum; from the Neolithic to Medieval and later Cyprus
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Additional info for Ancient Cyprus
Pylos) suffered destruction, followed by a partial diaspora of the surviving population. Some of the fugitives undoubll:dly reached Cyprus c. 1200 BC. where they introduced many features of their own material culture of which Cyprus had previously known nothing, even at the height of her trade contact with Greece. Their presence has been most clearly established al Enkomi as a result of the very extensive excavation of that sileo but their traces can also be seen at Maa, KoukJia, Pyla, Sinda. Larnaka and Ayios Sozomenos.
In tomb material at least, include large amphorae (some with handles on the neclt, others on the belly), craters. barrel·shaped jugs (pI. XIV), cups and plates (pl. XVI). As the Cypro-Geometric perrod advanced, the austerity of the linear 41 • ANCIENT CYPRUS decoration relaxed, and White Painted III and Bichrome III designs sometimes include birds (pI. XVa, fig. IlIa, 7), animals or, more rarely, human beings. Vases in the shape of animals or birds are occasionally found (fig. IlIa, 6). It is very doubtful whether Geometric Cyprus was politically unified.
Dated c. :h is a relatively slight change in the style of painted pottery (the replacement of Proto-White Painted ware by White Painted I ware). Iron had keen known and used for over a century already; lile change was marked by no violent catastrophe-before it happened, but not long before. the Greek language took firm root, not, indeed, as the sole language, but perhaps already the most important. The first, and most vital step in the Hellenisation of Cyprus had been taken. 36 III. The Iron Age THE CYPRO-GEOMETRIC ARCHAIC AND CLASS1C PERIODS THE CYPRO-GEOMETRIC PERIOD The cnd of the Bronze Age, c.
Ancient Cyprus by A.S. Brown, H.W. Catling